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India stands first in the production (2, 73,333 tones) of ginger and second in the area (80,000 hectares) under ginger cultivation in the world. India's crop productivity at 3,417 kg/ha is s higher than world average but..
22 Sep 2009
By Dr Y C Zala
Ginger is one of the earliest known oriental spices and is being cultivated in India both as a fresh vegetable and as a dried spice since time immemorial. It is used in different forms such as raw ginger, dry ginger, bleached dry ginger, ginger powder, sliced ginger, ginger oil, ginger oleoresin, gingerale, ginger candy, ginger beer, brined ginger, ginger wine, ginger squash, ginger flakes etc. It has usage in foods, beverages, preservatives, medicines and perfumery industries. Ginger is also an important foreign exchange earning crop. The processed products of ginger have high export value in the Middle East and some European countries.

India stands first in the production (2, 73,333 tones) of ginger and second in the area (80,000 hectares) under ginger cultivation in the world. Though the productivity of ginger in India is higher i.e. 3,417 kg/ha than the world’s average productivity (2,546 kg/ha), it is very less than that of USA which is the highest (51,925 kg/ha) in the world. The crop exhibited an annual growth rate of 4.6 per cent in area, 7.4 per cent in production and 2.7 per cent in productivity in India. Though grown all over India, the finest quality ginger comes from Kerala endowed as it is with a congenial climate and a rich earthy soil. Indian dry ginger is known in the world market as 'Cochin Ginger' (NUGC) & 'Calicut Ginger' (NUGK). Indian ginger especially Cochin ginger is considered one of the best in the world.


Meghalaya, Kerala, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram are the major ginger producing states in India which together contributes about 48.37 per cent of total production of India. Gujarat ranks eight (5.66%) in India with an average production of 17,984 tones. Tamilnadu has the highest productivity (18754 kg per hectare) of ginger followed by Gujarat (16129 kg per hectare) and Uttaranchal (11803 kg per hectare). Thus, the productivity of ginger in Gujarat is very much high as compared to world as well as India’s average productivity.

Most of the ginger growing pockets are concentrated in middle Gujarat as it is an important cash crop of the region. As compared to other cash crops, cultivation of ginger is more capital intensive and highly profitable in Middle Gujarat. In spite of the overwhelming importance of ginger in the state, no systematic attempts have been made to study in detail except for a few studies. Therefore, the study entitled “cost –benefit analysis of ginger cultivation in middle Gujarat” was undertaken for the different farm size groups. The data were collected from 128 ginger growers spread over 16 villages of four talukas, covering two ginger growing districts of the middle Gujarat region during 2004-05. The findings of the study revealed that Ginger is highly capital intensive crop as the average cost of cultivation was estimated about Rs.2, 02,262 per hectare. The average paid out cost was about Rs.1, 57,368. The cost of seed was the highest (Rs.64129/ha) which contributed about 32 per cent of total cost; followed by human labour (18.04 %), organic manures (10.79 %) and irrigation charges (10.32 %).

Human labour requirement for ginger cultivation was found to be 730 man days per hectare. The average yield of ginger in the study area was about 133 quintals per hectare. The overall gross returns, farm business income, family labour income and farm investment income were estimated to be Rs.3,82,601, Rs.2,25,232, Rs.2,17,098 and Rs.2,03,129 per hectare respectively. The net profit per hectare over cost C2 (total cost including own managerial cost) was Rs.1,80,338 for the sample as whole. The input-output ratio was 1:1.97 on the basis of Cost-C2 for all farms. The overall per quintal cost of production was about Rs.1566 which was much lower than the market prices ranging from Rs.2000 to Rs.5000 per quintal during the period of study which indicates that the ginger cultivation was quite remunerative even if the lowest price is considered. (Dr Y C Zala is Associate Research Scientist, Anand Agricultural University, Anand in Gujarat)


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COMMENTS (13)
Surid brahmbhatt
21 Feb 2014
dr zala i want your mobile no
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Naren
19 Apr 2013
Hi friends i am interested in growing ginger in Gujarat region and land is sandy so it is good for ginger farming or not?
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Ranjit sahoo
01 Jan 2012
is this possible to cultivate ginger efficiently in odisa"s climatic condition
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Name
05 Sep 2011
I am interest to buy Best Quality Ginger approx 6000 kg per day Please quote your best price and area of produce and other information also send your contact no and addresss.
Prasad Jose i can provide the ginger any day .my ginger farm and ginger shop is in kerala and karnataka .rate will vary every day and today i can provide the ginger 82 rs per kg my mob no 09901977531
Prasad Jose i can provide the ginger any day .my ginger farm and ginger shop is in kerala and karnataka .rate will vary every day and today i can provide the ginger 82 rs per kg my mob no 09901977531
Dipankar Gomes We can provide you with good quality of ginger produced in Assam. Rs. 34/Kg (excuding transportation) Dipankar Gomes 09831696404 Kolkata
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Prasanna Advilkar
03 Aug 2011
Hello Sir, Is growing ginger possible in the heavy rainfall region of Konkan,Maharashtra ? I am interested in the production of ginger. Thank you Prasanna
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Sunny agarwal
30 Apr 2011
hi
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Anant shinde mumbai
18 Feb 2011
i wanted to plantation in vidharbha it is profitable or not please send
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AJAY KUMAR JAIN
22 Dec 2010
We are looking for good quqlity ginger approx 5000 kg per day pl quote yuor best price and area of produce and other information.
Prasad jose rate today Rs 82 per kg available in kerala and karnathake.good quality my own plantation and shop all the days ginger can supply mob.no 09901977531
Johny Pattampady We can supply good quality of ginger at a very reasonable price .Pls give the details of quantity ,size/pc, destination,Type of packing etc.
Thabi hi iam thabi from kerala if u realy a buyer please call on 09747440011
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AJAY
24 Aug 2010
i want to buy ginger for physical trade in mandi in holesale basis
Ajeeshgeorge hai my name is george.i saw that ur posted about ginger bussinus in net.so i would lik 2talk 2 u,if u intrested let me know either in mail nor contact me in tis mob no,thank you. AJEESH GEORGE. PH:09961551002.
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Saju george thomas
15 Aug 2010
i want to cultivate ginger in karnataka in bengur.is it fertile to cultivate ther.its in karanataka.
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10 Jun 2010
AJEESH GEORGE i would lik to sell ginger in holsale market.
AJEESH GEORGE i would lik to sell ginger in holsale market.
AJEESH GEORGE i would lik to sell ginger in holsale market.
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Kulwinder singh
10 Jun 2010
i want to cultivate ginger in Punjab the soil conditions are sandy may i get yield or how much.what are major varieties to be cultivated
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P.S.Rayakar
09 Apr 2010
Hi, Is Ratnagiri District suitable for Ginger Cultivation? Thanks & Regards, Rayakar
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