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'Almonds' the diamonds from trees

Rebinson P.L.
Rebinson P.L.
September 21, 2022
'Almonds' the diamonds from trees

Almond is a dry fruit, scientifically known as 'Prunus dulcis' from the family 'Rosaceae' – the same family to which the ornamental flower plants like roses, rowans, firethorns, etc belong. And some of the other members of the fruit family are pears, plums, cherries, peaches, etc.

Almonds are considered as nuts, but in fact, they are classified as ‘drupes’- the fruits that are fleshy on the outside and with the seeds covered by shells. And some of the true nuts are hazelnuts, chestnuts, walnuts etc.

Almond is mostly consumed in raw and roasted forms and it is used to make confectioneries and other food products that are high in demand throughout the world. Moreover, almond is also used to make certain products like almond oil, almond milk, almond butter etc.

Almond is thought to have originated from Iran and neighbouring countries from where it was introduced to other parts of the world, especially to Southern Europe, Northern Africa and American regions.

It is believed that the almond was first domesticated and cultivated as early as 5000 years ago by 3000 BCE as cultivars from the original wild varieties of almond that are still found in Iran and nearby regions. Almond is also mentioned in the Bible and as per some records in it, almond was very much valued as special and had considerable importance in the society. Almond has even been found among the precious items buried along with the mummies of certain pharaohs, making it clear that the same was as special and high in demand back then, as it is even today.

Almond trees thrive in a wide variety of soils like sandy clay and sandy loam soils, but the soils must be well-drained and without excess water content. The trees also require full sun-six or more hours of direct sunlight per day.

The almond trees grow 20-25 feet in height and normally take 5-6 years to bear the fruits that are 3.5-6 cm long. The fruits are with thick and leathery husks that are grey-green in colour and they cover the hard woody shells protecting the seeds.

Almond is classified into two categories, sweet almonds and bitter almonds. Sweet almonds are the varieties of almonds that are usually consumed and they number up to more than 30, while bitter almonds are wild almonds with harmful toxin contents. Some of the main varieties of almond available in India are Gurbandi, Mamra and California.

Almond is rich in nutrition and contains fibre, protein, calcium, magnesium, copper, iron, potassium, zinc, vitamin E and the B vitamins niacin, folate and thiamine.

The US is the largest producer of almond in the world followed by Spain, Iran, Turkey, Morocco and Italy. The largest exporter of almond also is the US followed by Spain, Australia, Germany, Netherlands and Italy, while Germany is the largest importer, followed by Spain, Italy, Netherlands and France.

In India, the largest producer of almond is Jammu and Kashmir, followed by Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Some of the main trading markets of almond in India:

Jammu and Kashmir (Rajbagh, Srinagar, Kulgam, Budgam)

Himachal Pradesh (Shimla, Solan, Kullu, Sirmaur)

Maharashtra(Mumbai, Nanded, Pune, Palghar)

Names of almond in different Indian languages:

Hindi                   Baadaam

Tamil                   Badam Kottai

Malayalam          Badam

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Which is the best badam?
    Mamra badams are considered the best though badams are found in many varieties like California, shalimar, prayaj, drake, waris, neplus, ruby, sonora, etc.
  • Where do badam trees grow in india?
    In India, Badam is grown in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and some hilly regions of Andhra Pradesh as the same requires colder climates for its best growth and yield.
  • How many badams can we eat a day?
    As per medical advice, we can eat 20-23 almonds per day safely without side effects as the same is high in protein, calcium, fiber, niacin, riboflavin and vitamin E.
  • How to make badam oil at home?
    To make badam oil, grind badams, and get its juice by squeezing it and then heat the same till it boils. Let it cool and squeeze the final substance through a sieve to separate the oil.
  • How to grow badam trees?
    Badam plants require climatic conditions having lightly hot summer temperatures. The plants grow well in dry areas where they get enough sunshine. So always remember to avoid extra moisture to keep your badam plants from decaying. 
Rebinson P.L.
Rebinson P.L.
Rebinson P.L. (@ebinso) is a self-published author, content marketing strategist, copywriter and editor who has been writing blogs, articles and advertising copies for various firms since completing his master's in English literature. He's dedicated to helping and guiding businesses of all sizes to achieve their desired reach and popularity.
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