Amla or Indian Gooseberry is a round-shaped fibrous fruit scientifically known as ‘Phyllanthus Emblica’ from the family ‘Phyllanthaceae’.
Amla is mainly used in the raw form directly or as juice-which is said to have various medicinal properties-and in pickled form. It is also used in the forms of sweetened snacks and as a dried powder- used for medicinal purposes.
The fruit is believed to have originated from South Asian countries and has been in culinary and medicinal uses for centuries.
Gooseberry trees grow in a wide range of soil categories but flourish and yield more on moist but well-drained fertile soils under full sun or partial shade. The trees normally bear fruits after 3 to 4 years from planting. They grow 6 to 7 feet in height and produce 50 to 70 kg of fruits on average.
The fruits are round-shaped, single-seeded and have smooth skin with vertical stripes. They grow up to 3 centimeters in diameter and are greenish-yellow in colour.
Gooseberries contain sodium, manganese, potassium, iron, calcium, carbohydrate, fiber, protein, and Vitamins C, B5, and B6.
In Ayurveda, Indian gooseberry has been given an important place as the fruit has various medicinal properties that are utilized to make certain medicines especially to benefit skin and hair.
As per the studies and reports, amla is effective and good to improve mental functioning, eye sight and skin health; increase immunity power, reduce stress, help digestion, purify blood, and treat anemia.
Globally, the largest producer of amla is Indonesia, followed by Philippines, India, Vietnam, Brazil, and Sri Lanka. Indonesia is also the largest exporter of gooseberry, followed by India and Vietnam. And the largest importers are USA, Bangladesh, Mexico and Brazil.
Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of amla in India. And other main amla producing states are Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
Some of the main trading hubs of amla in India:
Uttar Pradesh (Pratapgarh, Bareli, Jaunpur, Sultanpur)
Tamil Nadu (Salem, Koyambedu, Chennai)
Names of amla in different Indian languages: