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'Cabbage' a leaf bud from Europe

Rebinson P.L.
Rebinson P.L.
September 22, 2022
'Cabbage' a leaf bud from Europe

Cabbage is a cultivar vegetable- a vegetable plant specially developed from an original plant-scientifically known as ‘Brassica oleracea var capitata’ from the family ‘Brassicaceae’.

The name cabbage comes from the old French word ‘caboche’ meaning head due to its similar shape. Cabbage is believed to have originated from Western and Southern Europe and it has been used to develop certain cultivars like broccoli, cauliflower, etc.

Cabbage is considered as a leaf bud that is mainly used for cooking various dishes or in raw forms. It is also purported to have certain medicinal properties and is used as a folk medicine to treat excess stomach acid, stomach pain and intestinal ulcers. In addition, cabbage is used as animal feed also.

Cabbage is believed to have been first domesticated in Europe by 1000 BC, but its exact origin is  disputed. However, at present, it is one of the most consumed vegetables in the world.

There are more than 400 varieties of cabbage that are different in shape, size and colour. Cabbages can be found usually in round and conical shapes with leaves that are flat, curly or loose which are white, green, red or purple in colour. And they normally weigh 500 to 1,000 grams.

Cabbages normally take 4-6 months from planting to bear fruits and reach maturity. Well-drained loam soil with sufficient organic matter is the best soil for the cabbage plants that prefer cool and moist climates.And cabbages mainly contain fiber, protein, folate, manganese, vitamins K, C and B6 which make them nutritious vegetables. However, excess consumption can cause stomach disorders.

The largest producer of cabbage in the world is China with more than 48% of the total global production. Other major producers are India, Russian Federation, South Korea, Ukraine, Indonesia and Japan. China is also the largest exporter of cabbage, followed by Spain, the US, Mexico and the Netherlands. And the US is the largest importer of cabbages followed by Canada, Germany, Malaysia and Thailand.

In India, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar, Assam, West Bengal and Karnataka are the largest producer of cabbage, that was introduced in India by the Portuguese colonizing traders somewhere between the 14th and 17th centuries.

Some of the major trading markets of cabbage in India:

Uttar Pradesh(Hathras, Nakur, Varanasi, Sitapur)

Odisha(Bhubaneswar, Anandapur, Angul, Cuttack)

Bihar(Patna, Purnea, Katihar, Aurangabad)

Assam(Howly, Pamohi, Jorhat, Srirampur)

Names of cabbage in different Indian languages:

Hindi                    Patha Gopi

Tamil                    Muttaikkos

Malayalam           Kabej

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Which part of cabbage is used as food?
    The leaf of cabbage is used as food.
  • How to grow cabbage at home?
    Sow the seeds, and transplant the saplings to soils mixed with enough manure and water. The plants require sufficient sunshine, so place the plants where they can get enough sunshine. Water the plants regularly, but not too much as they may decay. Repeat the process for 2-3 months till the cabbages mature.
  • How to make cabbage juice for ulcers?
    Wash the cabbage and chop it into pieces. Take three cups of chopped cabbage along with enough water and blend it for around 10 seconds and then strain the same to get the juice.
  • How to cut cabbage?
    Remove hard outer leaves which may have been damaged, bruised, or infected by insects. Wash and dry it well and then cut the same into halves to chop it into smaller pieces ready to be used.
Rebinson P.L.
Rebinson P.L.
Rebinson P.L. (@ebinso) is a self-published author, content marketing strategist, copywriter and editor who has been writing blogs, articles and advertising copies for various firms since completing his master's in English literature. He's dedicated to helping and guiding businesses of all sizes to achieve their desired reach and popularity.
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