Coffee powder is the powdered form of dried and roasted coffee beans, which some people consider as a spice or a herb. And it is mainly used for, brewing different types of coffees and cosmetic purposes.
Coffee beans are seeds of the coffee plants belonging to the family ‘Rubiaceae’. There are many varieties of coffee beans, but the four main varieties are Arabica, Robusta, Liberica and Excelsa. And among them, Arabica and Robusta are the two main varieties that are largely produced throughout the world.
The two types of coffee powder used for making the coffee are the ground coffee powder or the ordinary coffee powder and the instant coffee powder. Ground coffee powder is simply made by grinding the roasted coffee beans into the required powdered form while instant coffee is made from the already brewed coffee by drying it through some special processing methods.
Coffee is a widely liked beverage throughout the world and millions of people enjoy it every day. It is a common drink that contains caffeine, a stimulant that can increase energy levels and decrease mental and physical tiredness.
It is believed that coffee was discovered by the 9th century in Ethiopia by a goat herder called Kaldi after his goats chewed some coffee beans and were energized from them. However, no reliable records of coffee or its cultivation is available prior to the fifteenth century when the coffee beans started being exported from Ethiopia to other regions.
Coffee plants can be grown on various types of soils, but a well-drained fertile sandy loam soil is the ideal one, along with sufficient rainfall. The planting can be done during the monsoon season or prior to the rainy season as the growth greatly depends on moisture.
Normally, the plants bear fruits after 3-4 years from planting and the harvest season is from November to March.
Brazil is the largest producer of coffee in the world followed by Vietnam, Columbia, Indonesia and Ethiopia. India also produces a considerably large amount of coffee. And the biggest consumer is Finland.
The top exporter is Brazil, and other main exporters are Colombia, Indonesia, Honduras and Ethiopia, while the top importers are the USA, Germany, France, Italy and Canada.
In India, Karnataka is the largest producer of coffee, and Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh are the other main producers.
The major trading markets of coffee in India:
Tamil Nadu (Salem, Coimbatore,Nilgiris)
Different names of coffee in Indian languages:
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