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'Jaggery' an Indian sweetener 

Rebinson P.L.
Rebinson P.L.
October 06, 2022
'Jaggery' an Indian sweetener 

Jaggery or gur is a sweetener, technically called Non-centrifugal cane sugar (NCS) which is a sugar product made from sugar canes scientifically known as ‘Saccharum officinarum’, belonging to the grass family ‘Poaceae’.

Jaggery is mainly processed from sugar canes. However, palm sap also is used to make jaggery which is comparatively sweeter, but less popular and commercially consumed than the one made from sugar canes. It is available in different varieties that depend on the juices or saps extracted respectively from sugar cane, date palm, palmyra palm and coconut tree, from which it is made. And these varieties are available in liquid, granular and hard forms.

The sweetener is supposed to have originated thousands of years ago in India, where the same is an unavoidable ingredient for sweetening purposes in cooking today. Jaggery is used mainly to prepare certain snacks, sweets, or kheers-known as payasam in South India.

Jaggery is processed through certain methods by heating and evaporating the water contents from different juices or saps that are used to make the same. Normally the quality of it is identified by its colour. And brown colour jaggery is considered the purest quality.

Jaggery contains sucrose, fructose, glucose, fat, protein, iron, potassium, manganese and magnesium. It is purported to prevent constipation, purify the blood, detoxify the liver, relieve joint pain, help lose weight and boost immunity and intestinal health.

The largest producer of jaggery in the world is India which contributes nearly 55% to jaggery’s global production. The other main producers are Brazil, Thailand, Australia, Germany and Mexico. The largest exporter is Brazil, followed by the US, Thailand, France, Germany, China and Australia, while the main importers are China, UAE, Nepal, Kenya, Sudan and Nigeria.

In India, the largest producer of jaggery is Uttar Pradesh and Muzaffarnagar located in the same is the biggest jaggery market in India. Other main producers are Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Bihar.

Some of the major trading markets of jaggery in India:

Uttar Pradesh (Muzaffarnagar, Allahabad, Mirzapur, Ambedkarnagar)

Tamil Nadu (Salem, Erode, Namakkal, Madurai, Vellore)

Maharashtra (Pune, Upla, Kolhapur, Baramati)

Names of jaggery in different Indian languages:

Hindi                    Gud

Tamil                    Vellam

Malayalam           Sarkkara

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is jaggery?
    Jaggery is an unrefined sugar product used as a sweetener mainly in Asia and Africa.
  • What is jaggery in Hindi?
    Jaggery is called 'gur' in Hindi.
  • How jaggery is made?
    Jaggery is processed by evaporating the water content from sugar cane juice or palm sap by applying heat. Jaggery is available in blocks, granules and liquid forms. 
  • How many calories in jaggery?
    There are around 66 calories in 1 tablespoon of jaggery.
Rebinson P.L.
Rebinson P.L.
Rebinson P.L. (@ebinso) is a self-published author, content marketing strategist, copywriter and editor who has been writing blogs, articles and advertising copies for various firms since completing his master's in English literature. He's dedicated to helping and guiding businesses of all sizes to achieve their desired reach and popularity.
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