Get our mandi price app
for a better experience
Install Now ×

'Urad' an ancient pulse from India

Rebinson P.L.
Rebinson P.L.
December 02, 2022
'Urad' an ancient pulse from India

Urad specifically known as black gram is the seeds produced by a certain herbaceous plant scientifically known as ‘Vigna mungo’ belonging to the botanical family ‘Fabaceae’. It is consumed as a pulse mostly in South Asia.

pulse is used mainly to process urad dal and to make soups, stews, curries and side dishes, especially in Southern parts of India. It is also used for cosmetic purposes and to prepare certain ayurvedic medicines. It is one of the most expensive pulses in India.

Urad is supposed to have originated in India, and based on certain ancient Indian texts like the Rigveda and Yajurveda it has been in use since thousands of years ago. However, the exact time as to when the pulse was used for the first time is unknown.

Urad can be cultivated on a wide variety of soils like other kharif seasonal pulses. But well-drained loam soils are the ideal ones for plants that require hot and humid conditions and cannot be grown on saline and alkaline soils.

Urad plants are annual bushes that grow 30-100 cm in height with large hairy leaves. The plants normally take around 4-5 months to produce the pods that contain cylindrical oval shaped seeds with black coloured skin that gives the same its name.

Urad contains more protein compared to other legumes. It also contains fibre, iron, calcium, copper, magnesium, potassium, zinc, phosphorus and vitamin B complex. It is purported to aid digestion, boost energy, reduce pain and improve skin, bone and heart health.

The largest producer of urad in the world is India which contributes around 70 per cent to the world’s total production of the same. Other main producers are China, Vietnam, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Pakistan. The largest exporter also is India followed by China and Vietnam while the main importers are the US, Canada and UAE.

In India, the largest producer of urad is Madhya Pradesh, followed by Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Sikkim and Jharkhand.

Some of the major trading markets of urad in India:

Madhya Pradesh (Damoh, Panna, Shivpuri, Mandsaur)

Andhra Pradesh (Kurnool, Tenali, Madanapalle)

Uttar Pradesh (Agra, Azamgarh, Allahabad, Bilsi)

Names of urad in different Indian languages:

Hindi                   Urad

Tamil                   Ulunthu

Malayalam          Uzhunnu

Frequently Asked Questions

  • How much protein is in 100g Urad?
    There are around 24 grams of protein in 100 grams of urad.
  • What is urad?
    Urad is the seed of a leguminous plant consumed as a pulse and is popularly known as 'black gram'.
  • How many calories are in urad?
    There are around 350 calories in 100 grams of urad.
  • Which vitamin is present in urad?
    'Vitamin B' is the main vitamin present in urad.
Rebinson P.L.
Rebinson P.L.
Rebinson P.L. (@ebinso) is a self-published author, content marketing strategist, copywriter and editor who has been writing blogs, articles and advertising copies for various firms since completing his master's in English literature. He's dedicated to helping and guiding businesses of all sizes to achieve their desired reach and popularity.
You might like

Latest Leads From Buyers

Latest Leads From Sellers


Escrow - Terms and Conditions

Last updated: 22/12/2023
1. Introduction

Welcome to commodityonline Escrow, a secure platform facilitating transactions between buyers and sellers. By using our services, you agree to the following terms and conditions.

2. Payment Guarantee
  • commodityonline guarantees the payment for transactions facilitated through our Escrow platform.
  • Once the buyer accepts the seller's invoice, the funds will be held securely until delivery of promised goods is done satisfactorily to the buyer and seller.
  • The amount mentioned in the invoice will be considered as the final disbursement amount.
  • Commodityonline's responsibility to a particular transaction will cease once the goods are delivered and payment is disbursed. Any dispute regarding the goods has to be taken up by the seller and buyer themselves.
3. Logistics and Quality Testing
  • Commodityonline's scope of work does not include logistics.
  • Either parties can include logistics cost in the invoice with prior consent from bearing party.
  • All transportation of goods, final delivery and its time frame is outside the purview of Commodityonline.
  • Similarly, commodityonline is also not into quality testing.
  • Buyer has to be satisfied with the quality of goods after deliberation with the seller or after approving samples at their own level and cost.
  • There is no quality control test process in the current process of commodityonline and it is entirely upto the transactional parties to be satisfied and accept good as per their own set quality protocols.
  • Users are responsible for verifying quality aspects independently.
4. Escrow Process
4.1 Initiation:
  • After the buyer is satisfied with quantity and quality of goods of the seller on Commodityonline interface, they must contact the seller party on whatsapp or telephone to discuss any negotiation or quality check.
  • After both parties agree to buy/sell at a certain rate agreed by both parties, the buyer creates a request on the platform.
  • We strongly recommend the conversations to be recorded on the phone or keep a copy of the conversation on the finalisation of the rates/quantity for clarity.
  • After the buyer creates a request, the same quality, quantity and price is to be maintained by the seller.
  • The seller then creates an invoice in his/her own system and all the items agreed mutually (Transportation/Quality test costs etc) should be included in the invoice to conclude on a final amount.
4.2 Acceptance:
  • The buyer reviews the invoice and accepts the invoice
  • Buyer then initiates the escrow process by adding details of the bank etc.
  • An amount equivalent to the invoice amount is to be transferred to the Commodityonline Escrow account.
  • This money does not go the seller and is safe with commodityonline until goods is delivered.
4.3 Payment Holding:
  • commodityonline securely holds the payment
  • Once goods is delivered and buyer confirms the delivery, the amount is disbursed to the seller.
  • Please note that this has to be done at a fair play time once the good is delivered.
  • Buyer has to confirm the receipt of goods within 2 days of delivery.
5. User Responsibilities
  • Users are responsible for accurate communication, including rates, product details, and transaction terms.
  • Commodityonline is responsible only for safeguarding your money and not any other aspects of the transaction.
  • Buyers and sellers are encouraged to independently verify transportation and quality testing arrangements.
6. Dispute Resolution

In the event of a dispute:

6.1 Initial Resolution Attempt:

Users experiencing a dispute are encouraged to make reasonable efforts to resolve the issue amicably between themselves.

6.2 Escalation to Escrow Involvement:

If the dispute persists, users must contact commodityonline for assistance. We will facilitate communication to reach a resolution.

6.3 Escrow Intervention:

If the dispute remains unresolved, commodityonline reserves the right to hold the payment until a satisfactory resolution is reached. This may come from a mutual agreement between the parties (buyer and seller) or be based on a court order.

6.4 External Resolution:

If the dispute escalates to a legal level, commodityonline will comply with court orders. Users understand that commodityonline may be required to release funds according to a legally binding decision.

7. Limitations of Liability

commodityonline is not liable for issues related to transportation, quality testing, or any disputes between users.

8. Changes to Terms

commodityonline reserves the right to update these terms and conditions. Users will be notified of any changes.

By using commodityonline Escrow, you acknowledge and agree to abide by these terms and conditions. For any queries or concerns, please contact us at [email protected].

Last updated: 22/12/2023

Thank you for choosing commodityonline Escrow!

Experience App on Mobile