Combined with deferred sowing and insufficient rainfall, kharif production in Gujarat for the year 2018-19 is likely to be lower for most crops with reduced yields.
As on September 17, 2018, the State received about 615 mm rainfall against the normal 831 mm, reflecting about 26 per cent deficiency.
The first advance estimate released by the State agriculture department pointed to a sharp decline in key kharif crops such as Groundnut, Pulses and Cotton with yields reduced over last year.
Cotton output for kharif 2018-19 is estimated at 88.28 lakh bales (each of 170 kg), which is about 14 per cent lower than the 102 lakh bales reported last year.
However, even as Cotton sowing increased to 27 lakh hectares for 2018-19 against 26.58 lakh hectares last year, the deficient rainfall is likely to dampen crop prospects with the reduced yield. Cotton yield is expected to be 554 kg in lint per hectare against 660 kg reported last year.
Groundnut output is also likely to drop to 27 lakh tonnes, which is about 11 lakh tonnes or about 29 per cent lower than last year’s 38 lakh tonnes.
The first advance estimate projects Pulses output at 4,37,000 tonnes as against 5,23,000 tonnes last year.