The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimates India's 2019/20 wheat production at 101.2 million metric tons, up 1 percent from last month and from last year.
Area harvested is estimated at 29.8 million hectares, up slightly from last year. This minor revision from last month is based on the India’s Ministry of Agriculture third advance estimates.
Yield is estimated at a record 3.39 metric ton per hectare, up about 1 percent from last year. Ideal growing conditions boosted yields and led to record production.
The Southwest Monsoon withdrew later than normal in late October and the residual soil moisture from the late withdrawal encouraged timely planting by farmers in northwestern India.
Scattered storms in January aided crop development and another storm in February boosted vegetative growth and grain development. Temperatures were slightly below average which was ideal for wheat.
Satellite-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) analysis depicted strong crop vigour across the major wheat production areas of Haryana, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh during flowering.
The wheat crop was harvested in April. Wheat is grown only in the rabi season.