The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) forecasts India's rice production for 2019/20 at 114.0 million metric tons (milled basis), up nearly 2 percent from last month, but down 2 percent from last year.
Harvested area is forecast at 43.0 million hectares, unchanged from last month, but down 3 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 3.98 tons per hectare, up nearly 2 percent from last month and 1 percent from last year.
Farmers planted rice late because of the delayed monsoon. Late planted rice is benefitting from the late withdrawal of the 2019 Southwest Monsoon. Surface soil moisture in late September was above average. Consequently, NDVI analysis is showing strong crop vigor across the significant rice-producing areas.
Kharif rice planting ended in mid-September, which is approximately 90 percent of total rice production. Rabi, which accounts for roughly 10 percent of total rice, will commence in mid-October.