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Arecanut
Arecanut

Arecanut or betal nut is the seed of the areca palm and its scientific name is Areca Catechu.

Arecanut tree is tall and reaches up to 30 meters high. It is one of the important commercial fruits in Southeast Asia.

White and red variety supari are the products from Arecanut. While the white variety is made from fully ripe nuts, red variety is made out of green Arecanut.

Arecanut is believed to have originated in Malaysia or Philippines, although the exact place is unknown.

To get the maximum yield of Arecanut, well drained and deep clay soil is needed. The lifespan of Arecanut tree is about 60 years, which with proper care can extend up to 100 years.
A young plant starts to produce when it attains the age of 4 to 8 years. The time for the fruit to ripen is about 8 months. The harvesting is done yearly. The Arecanut crop in India is planted during the June-December season.

India which is the largest Arecanut producing country. India contributes about 51 percent of global Arecanut production. The other Arecanut producing countries include Indonesia, Bangladesh, China, Myanmar, Thailand and Malaysia.

Majority of Arecanut produced in India is consumed in the country itself, giving not much room for exports.

The major Arecanut producing states in India are Karnataka (40%), Kerala(25%), Assam(20%) and the remaining in Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Orissa.

Major Arecanut producing countries are India, China, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines and Sri Lanka.

Major Arecanut importing countries are Bangladesh, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand.


Major Arecanut exporting countries are Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and India.

Following are the major trading hubs of Arecanut in India:

Maharashtra (Mumbai, Nagpur)

Gujarat (Ahmedabad, Rajkot)

Madhya Pradesh (Indore)

Rajasthan(Jaipur)

Karnataka (Chikkamagallur, Chitradurga, Coorg, Devangere, Udupi, Shimoga, Tumkur, Uttar Kannada)

Kerala (Ernakulam, Idukki, Kannur, Kasargod, Kollam, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Palakkad, Pathanamthitta, Trivandrum, Trissur)

West Bengal (Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, Calcutta) & Delhi


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