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Bajra or Peral Millet, scientifically known as Pennisetum glaucum, belongs to the family Poaceae and sub family Panicoideae.
Bajra is the most widely grown millet. Since pre-historic times, it was grown in Africa and Indian subcontinent. The commodity is used as a staple food around the world.
Common India names of Bajra are Bajri (Rajsthani, Gujarati and Marathi), Kambu in Kannada, Kambu in Tamil, Kambam in Malayalam and Sajjalu in Telugu.
Bajra adapts to growing conditions such as drought, low soil fertility and high temperature and due to these properties Bajra can be grown in wide areas compared to other cereal crops.
Bajra is rich in Proteins, Carbohydrates, Fat, Vitamin E, Vitamin K and Vitamin B6 and Minerals such as Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorous etc. Bajra also contains alcohol soluble protein.
Middle to last week of July is the best time for Bajra cultivation. When the grain becomes hard and has moisture content, it is ready for harvest.
Major Bajra producing states in India are Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana and Maharashtra.
Top Bajra producing countries are India, Nigeria, Niger, China, Mali, Burkina Faso, Sudan, Chad, Ethiopia and Senagal.
Major Bajra importing countries are Oman, Tunisia, Japan, Namibia, Spain, Israel, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Canada.
Major Bajra exporting countries are India, Indonesia and China.
Local trading hubs for Bajra in India are:
Andhra Pradesh (Ananthapur, Chittoor, Cuddapah, Kurnool, Mehbobnagar, Nellore, Prakasam)
Gujarat (Ahmedabad, Amreli, Anand, Banaskantha, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Dahod, Gandhinagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kheda, Kutch, Mehsana, Navsari, Panchmahal, Patan, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surendranager, Vadodara)
Haryana (Bhiwani, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Jind, Jhajjar, Mohindergarh, Rewari, Sonepat)
Karnataka (Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Koppal, Raichur)
Madhya Pradesh (Mornea)
Maharashtra (Ahmednagar, Dhule, Nasik, Pune, Satara, Solapur)
Orissa (Angul, Mansa)
Rajasthan (Alwar, Barmer, Bharatpur, Bikaner, Churu, Dholpur, Hanumangarh, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jhunjhunu, Jodhpur, Karauli, Nagaur, Swai Madhapur, Sikar, Tonk)
Tamil Nadu (Cuddalore, Coimbatore, Erode, Salem, Tiruvallur)
Uttar Pradesh (Agra, Aligarh, Badaun, Bulandhshar, Etawah, Firozabad, Gautambudh Nagar, Hathras, Kanpur Dehat, Lucknow, Moradabad).
Bajra Trading Markets:Andhra Pradesh(Anantapur, Kadapa, Kurnool, Prakasam, Chittoor, Nellore, ) Delhi(Delhi, ) Gujarat(Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Patan, Anand, Dahod(Veg. Market), Vadodara(Sayajipura), Amreli, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kheda, Kutch, Mehsana, Navsari, Panchmahal, Sabarkantha, Surendranagar , ) Haryana(Bhiwani, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Jind , Jhajjar, Mahendragarh, Rewari, Sonipat, ) Karnataka(Bidar, Gulbarga, Koppal, Raichur, Bellary, Bijapur, ) Madhya Pradesh(Morena, ) Maharashtra(Solapur, Ahmednagar, Dhule, Nashik, ) Odisha(Angul, ) Punjab(Mansa , ) Rajasthan(Jaipur, Alwar, Bikaner, Churu, Hanumangarh, Jodhpur, Nagaur, Barmer , Bharatpur , Bikaner , Dholpur , Jaisalmer , Jalore , Jhunjhunu , Karauli , Sawai Madhopur , Sikar , Tonk , ) Tamil Nadu(Erode, Chennai, salem, Coimbatore, Cuddalore , Tiruvallur , ) Telangana(Mahbubnagar, ) Uttar Pradesh(Kanpur, Agra, Anand Nagar, Aligarh, Hathras, Budaun , Bulandshahr , Etawah , Firozabad , Gautam Budh Nagar , Kanpur Dehat , )
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