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Banana is scientifically known as Musa, belonging to the family Musaceae. Banana is the largest flowering plant in the world. Banana, which is actually a plant, is often considered as a tree.

Banana grows out of a planting structure called Corm. Corm stops producing leaves when it gets matured.

In India, Banana is grown throughout the year. It is the seventh largest crop of the country with an annual domestic consumption of around 30 tons.
Almost all the states in India grow banana. Hundreds of Banana varieties are grown in India’s fertile soil conditions.

Bananas are rich in nutrients contains fat, carbohydrates, fibers, proteins like Vitamin C, Vitamin B6 etc.

The banana flower that tastes crunchy, nutty and starchy is used as curry dishes in India. Banana flower is also rich in nutrients and contains protein, fat, fiber, calcium, iron, copper etc.

The banana varieties that exports most are Dwarf Cavendish and Robusta and most consumed varieties are Poovan, Rastali, Virupakshi and Chakkarakeli.

Bananas come in different color varieties like green, red or yellow. Bananas when ripe are heavy in size and feel soft, while unripe bananas are hard and light in weight.

Commonly known Indian names for banana are Kela in Hindi, Laphoo Tharo in Manipuri and Vaazha in Malayalam and Tamil.

Major Banana producing states in India are Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh & Telangana, Karnataka, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam and Orissa.

India, China, Uganda, Philippines, Ecuador, Brazil, Indonesia, Colombia, Cameroon and Tanzania are the major Banana producing countries.

Major Banana exporting countries are Ecuador, Belgium, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Colombia, United States, Philippines, Netherlands, Germany and Honduras.

Major Banana importing countries are United States, Belgium, Germany, Russia, Japan, United Kingdom, China, Italy, Netherlands, France and Canada.


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