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Capsicum, which is scientifically known as Capsicum annuum belongs to the family Solanaceae and sub family Solanoideae. The other common names of Capsicum are Sweet Pepper and Bell Pepper.
Capsicum is believed to have originated in Western Hemisphere in 7500 BC. Capsicum is rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin B6, Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B2, Vitamin K, Vitamin B1, fibers etc.
Capsicum tastes crisp, watery, crunchy, and slightly bitter with a bit of sweetness and saltiness. Capsicum also has various colors of Green, Red, Orange and Yellow, and its taste varies according to the color.
In India, Capsicum is grown widely and the ideal temperature for cultivation is between 21 to 25 degree Celsius. Capsicum harvest time varies for different varieties. For the green variety, it takes 60 days from planting, whereas yellow and red hybrids take 80 to 90 days. Harvesting continue up to 170 to 180 days at 10 days interval for green variety and 200 to 250 days for red and yellow variety.
In the Indian market, Green variety Capsicum is the most affordable one and Red and Yellow varieties are little bit expensive.
Major Capsicum growing states in India are Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Gujarat and Goa.
Major Capsicum producing countries are China, Mexico, Indonesia, Turkey, Spain, United States, Nigeria, Egypt, South Korea and Netherlands.
Major Capsicum importing countries are Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, United States of America, Kuwait, Sri Lanka and Thailand.
Major Capsicum exporting countries are Taiwan, United States of America, India, Chile and China.
Local trading centers for Capsicum in India are:
Tamil Nadu (Coimbatore)
Karnataka (Bangalore, Dharwad)
Andhra Pradesh (Hyderabad)
Himachal Pradesh (Shimla)
Uttar Pradesh (Allahabad, Lucknow)
West Bengal (Darjeeling)
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