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Cardamom is the Queen of Spices. It is a medicinal spice and known scientifically as Elettaria Cardamomum, belonging to the family Zingiberaceae.
Exact origin of Cardamom is not known. But it is believed that the spice originated in India as a wild herb. Cardamom takes about two years to mature.
Loamy soil with rich organic material is ideally suited for cultivating Cardamom.
Cardamom is green or yellow in color. It is mainly used for flavor in food and drinks. The flexible character of the spice is that it can be used both in sweet and salty food. Cardamom is also used in medicines.
Guatemala is the largest producer of Cardamom globally, producing nearly 60-70% of the commodity. Cardamom is one of the highly priced spices in the world.
Cardamom is mainly grown in the tropical regions. Like Pulses and other Spices, the global consumption of Cardamom is also increasing year-on-year.
The Cardamom crop in India is planted during the August-March season. Harvesting of the crop starts from October and November. Cardamom arrivals in the markets begin from July and the arrivals will be in full swing by September.
In India, several varieties of Cardamom are produced. Major Cardamom producing states in India are Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
The major producers of Cardamom are Guatemala, India, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, El Salvador, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Honduras, Nepal and Bhutan.
The major Cardamom exporting countries are Costa Rica, Guatemala, Indonesia, Brazil, Nigeria, India, Thailand, Nicaragua and South Africa.
The major Cardamom importing countries include Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, China, Japan, Hong Kong, Netherlands, Singapore and United States of America.
Following are the major trading hubs of Cardamom in India:
(Kerala) Vandanmedu, Kumily, Thekkady, Cochin, Thodupuzha
(Tamil Nadu) Bodinayakanur, Pattiveeranpatti, Virudhunagar, Thevaram
(Andhra Pradesh) Cumbum
(Karnataka) Saklashpur, Mercara, Medikeri, Mangalore
(Maharashtra) Mumbai .
Cardamom is also traded in the futures market at the Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd (MCX).
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