call
CALL US
(+91) 9567650439
Chilli
Chilli

Chilli is a small hot tasting pod of genes of capsicum. It is botanically called Capsicum annuum, belonging to Solanaceae family. In many parts of the world, the commodity is chilli pepper.

It is believed that chilli originated in South America and Christopher Columbus introduced the spice to the rest of the world. Chilli is used as a main ingredient in curries, sauces and pickles. It is used for medicinal purposes.

Chilli is often referred as hot pepper, red pepper, cayenne pepper and paprika. The chilly plant has dark green leaves with white flowers that grow up to 1.5m in height.

Chili is a rich source of vitamin A, B, and E, carbohydrates, protein and minerals. It helps in strengthening immunity in human body. It helps control and maintain blood sugar levels. It is good for skin as Chilli has the presence of vitamin E. It helps in digestion of food and bowel movements.


Chilli acts as a protector against cancer, especially lung cancer. It has zero calories which help lose people weight. Green chillies are packed with anti bacterial properties as it helps to keep away from anti bacterial infection. Green chillies also help protect us from prostate cancer. It stimulates appetite and is included in many Ayurveda medicines.

There are around 400 varieties of Chilli in the world. Indian commercial hybrid varieties of Chilli are MI-1, MI-2, KA-2, Arunalu, MI-Hot, K 1, K2, CO 2, CO 4, PKM 1, PMK 1, PLR 1, KKM, NS 1701, NS 1101,Ns 1072, Pusa Jwala, Manjari, F1 Hybrid, VNR-21-7, Hybrid Chilli Trishul, Hybrid Chilli Sachin, Hybrid Chilli Red devil, Hybrid Chili Huero, Hybrid Chilli Amba, Hybrid Chilli Agni, Snake-Shwar, Agnirekha, Kankan Kirti, Musahvadi, Phule Mukta, Surkta, Kashmiri double chilli, Birds eye chilli, Byadagi, Kanthari, Phule jyoti, Prabhani Tejas, Musalwadi, Aparsna. KDCH 1, Mundu Chilli, Guntur Chilli.

Super Shepherd, Robustini (Italy), Tabasco(Costa Rica), Raindrop(Peru), Pretty Purple, Peter Pepper (USA), Poinsettia(Japan), Poblano(Mexico), Pimiento De Padron(Spain) are some global varieties of Chilli.

Carolina Reaper(USA), Moruga Scorpion, Scorpion Butch T(Trinidad), Bhut Jolokia (India), Naga Viper, Infinity Chilli( UK) are the world’s hottest chilli peppers.

Generally, Chilli is a crop of tropical subtropical region. It is grown in rainy season. However excess rainfall may cause damage to the crop. Sandy loam, clay loam, loam soil is suitable for chilli cultivation. January- February, June- July and September- October are the suitable seasons for sowing chilli. Chilli is grown in both kharif and rabi seasons.

Major Chilli producing states in India are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.

Major Chilli producing countries are India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Peru, Thailand, Myanmar, Ethiopia and Vietnam.

Major exporting countries are India, China,Peru, Spain and Mexico.

Major importing countries are USA, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Spain and Germany.

Local trading hubs for Chilli in India are:

Maharashtra (Kolhapur, Amravati, Chandrapur, Nandurbar, Nagpur, Dhule, Gadchiroli, Satara, Sangli, Pune, Mumbai)

Andhra Pradesh (Guntur, Warangal, Khammam, Krishna , Prakasam, Anantapur)

Telangana (Hyderabad, Karimnagar)

Karnataka (Belgaum, Chitradurga, Dharwad, Haveri , Kolar)

Arunachal Pradesh (Changlang, Pasighat)

Bihar (Samastipur, Purnea , Begusarai)

Gujarat (Ahmedabad, Banaskantha, Bhavnagar, Gandhinagar, Kheda, Mehsana , Patan, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surat, Vadodara)

Himachal Pradesh (Sirmaur)

Jammu Kashmir (Budgam)

Madhya Pradesh (Dhar, Khargone)

Manipur (Thoubal, Ukhrul , Imphal, Bishenupur, Churachandpur)

Punjab (Amritsar, Sangrur, Patiala, Jalandhar, Firozpur)

Odisha (Koraput, Jharsuguda , Ganjam)

Nagaland (Kohima)

Meghalaya (West Khasi Hills, South Garo Hills, Ri-Bhoi, East Khasi Hills, East Garo Hills)

Rajasthan (Jodhpur)

Tamil Nadu (Chennai, Dindigul, Erode, Ramnad Viluppuram, Thoothukudi, Tirunelveli, Theni, Tiruchirappalli, Sivagangai, Salem, Virudhunagar, Ariyalur)

Uttar Pradesh (Bareilly, Azamgarh)

West Bengal (Bankura, Cooch Behar, Midnapore, Murshidabad, Nadia, Parganas)

Chilli is traded in the commodity futures market at National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX) in India.


facebook
twitter
google
@ 2016 commodityonline.com. All Rights Reserved