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Coconut is scientifically known as Cocos nucifera, belonging to the family Arecaceae.
Coconut is believed to have originated in India and the Pacific region with two different varieties. The two varieties are water holding and fibrous variety respectively.
It is estimated that India produces about 20 million tons of Coconut annually. Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh contribute more than 90 percent of India's total Coconut production. In these regions, Coconut is mostly used in cuisines, as it is an important factor in their classic dishes. Coconut is produced around the year. The tall and the dwarf are the only two distinct varieties of Coconut in India.
Coir is a natural fiber which is extracted from Coconut husk. Coir is used to make brushes, floor mats, ropes, strings, mattresses. Coconut water is highly nutritious. It is also used for producing Nata de coco( Jelly-like food), Coconut wine, Coconut vinegar etc.
Coconut trunk can be used to make furniture and houses. It is also used in desserts and drinks. Parts of Coconut such as water, meat, jelly, oil and milk are all used.
Coconut milk is used in the several classic dishes in Kerala. Coconut milk is made from the Jelly meat. Coconut Oil which is considered as an important by-product of Coconut, is used in making soap, hair oil and other industrial products.
Coconut is gluten free and it contains no trans fats, non-toxic and packed with antibacterial, antiviral, anti-fungal, anti-parasitic materials. It helps improve our immunity system. It helps prevent obesity, improve heart health, maintain good cholesterol, protect you from kidney disease, and support thyroid function. And finally it helps keep your hair and skin healthy and shiny.
Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Gujarat, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Goa, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Assam, Bihar are the major Coconut producing states in India.
Indonesia is the largest producer of Coconut followed by Philippines and India. Sri Lanka, Brazil, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, Mexico, Vietnam are the main Coconut producing countries.
Major Coconut Oil importing countries are United Sates, European Union, Malaysia, China, Japan, Korea, Russia, Singapore, Canada, Australia and Turkey.
Major Coconut Oil exporting countries are Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, United States, Sri Lanka, Papua New Guinea, European Union, Ivory Coast, Canada, India and Singapore.
Local trading hubs for Coconut in India are:
Karnataka (Bangalore, Chamarajanagar, Chikkamagalur, Davangere, Hassan, Mandya , Mysore, Udupi, South canara, Tumkur, Uttar Kannada)
Kerala (Ernakulam, Idukki, Kollam, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Palakkad, Thiruvanathapuram, Thrissur)
Maharashtra (Raigad) and Manipur (Imphal)
Odisha (Jagatsinghpur, Puri)
Tamil Nadu (Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Erode, Karur , Kanyakumari, Madurai, Nagapattinam, Pudukottai, Ramnad, Sivagangai, Thanjavur, Thiruvarur, Theni, Vellor, Virudhunagar, Coimbatore)
West Bengal (Howrah, Kolkata, South 24 Paraganas)
Andra Pradesh (Chittoor, East Godavari, Krishna, Srikakulam, Vishakapatnam) and Pondicherry.
Coconut Trading Markets:Andhra Pradesh(East Godavari, Chittoor, Krishna, Visakhapatnam, Srikakulam, ) Karnataka(Kanakapura, Hunsur, Bangalore, Mysore(Bandipalya), Chikkamagaluru, Hassan, Udupi, Uttar Kannada, Davanagere, Tumkur, Chamarajanagar, Mandya, ) Kerala(Idukki, Kollam, Ernakulam, Aroor, Taliparamba, Thrissur, Palakkad, Kozhikode, Kottayam, Trivandrum, ) Maharashtra(Raigad , ) Manipur(Imphal, ) Odisha(Puri, Jagatsinghpur, ) Pondicherry(Pondicherry, ) Tamil Nadu(Erode, Virudhunagar, Theni, Vellore, Negamam, Pollachi, Dharmapuri, Coimbatore, Karur, Nagapattinam, Thanjavur, Ramanathapuram(Ramnad), Madurai, Sivaganga, Thiruvarur, Kanyakumari, Pudukottai, ) West Bengal(Kolkata, North 24 Parganas, )
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