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Cotton Seed Oil Cake
Cottonseed cake or cottonseed meal is a by-product obtained by extracting oil from cotton seeds. Recovery of meal is about 85-86%. It is also known as Kapasia Khalli or COC. It may be sold in the form of meal, cake, flakes or pellets. Good quality oil cake is greenish, yellow in colour.
Cottonseed oilcake is the second most valuable product of cotton seed, accounting for over one-third of total product value of cotton seed.
Cotton seed oil cake is a major source of livestock feed. It is also used as fertilizer, either alone or in mixtures with other ingredients. It is an excellent organic source of nitrogen, phosphorus, potash, and many minor plant food elements.
As per ISI standards, quality of cottonseed oil cake is based on its oil content, protein, fibre, moisture content, sand/silica and colour. Nevertheless, the market does not have defined grades as it is used for livestock feed.
India is the second largest cotton seed producing country in the world, next to China. The market size for cotton seed oil cake in India is around Rs. 7300 Cr ($73 billion).
Most of cottonseed meal is consumed in India itself, limiting the global trade to just 0.5-0.6 million tons a year.
Cotton seed oil cake extracted by scientific method is called decorticated cotton seed oil cake and extracted by primitive method is called undecorticated cotton seed oil cake. More than 95% of the cottonseed oilcake processed in India is extracted by the primitive method.
In India, Maharashtra has the largest area under cotton cultivation, but cotton production is highest in Gujarat due to higher crop productivity. Other leading cotton growing states are Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka.
India, China, Pakistan, Brazil, United States, Uzbekistan, Turkey and Australia are the major cottonseed oilcake producing countries.
United States, India, Argentina, Uzbekistan, Benin, European Union, Australia and Turkmenistan are the major cottonseed cake exporting countries.
South Africa, Mexico, Iran, Korea, Syria, Paraguay and New Zealand are the major importing countries.
The major trading centers of Cotton seed oilcake in India are:
Maharashtra (Akola, Amravati, Khamgoan, Jalna, Parbhani, Beed, Jalgaon)
Gujarat (Kadi, Rajkot)
Andhra Pradesh (Adilabad, Guntur)
Punjab (Abohar, Mansa, Malout)
Cottonseed oilcake is traded in the commodity futures market at the National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange Ltd (NCDEX).