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Guar or cluster beans scientifically called 'Cyamopsis Tetragonoloba' belongs to Legumes family. The ground endosperm of Guar is called Guar Gum. Guar Seed is the de-husked and milled product obtained from Guar Gum.
Guar is good for diabetes and heart. It strengthens bones, improves blood circulation, and prevents constipation. It is good for health, especially during pregnancy times.
There is a controversy about the origin of Guar, as there are different opinions about it. Guar was introduced into United States by India in 1903.
Pusa Mausami, Pusa Naubahar, Goma Manjari and Pusa Sadabahar are the commercial-hybrid varieties in India. Well drained sandy loam soil is best-suited for Guar cultivation. The crop can be cultivated in summer, monsoon or rainy seasons. June-July and October-November are the most suitable months for sowing the crop.
The main attraction of Guar as a crop is that it enriches soil as a fertile ground. Firstly, Guar provides nitrogen content into the soil. Secondly, it can be used as fodder for cattle animals, especially camels. Finally, it is a cash crop to the farmer and can be cultivated with minimum water requirement, minimum use of pesticides, in short duration and grown in any kind of land.
The global Guar production is about 0.7 to 1 million tons annually. India is the leading Guar producing and exporting country. Guar cultivation is being introduced in many countries because of the increasing domestic demand from various countries.
In India, Guar is prominently cultivated in western Rajasthan. Other producing states are Gujarat, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
Guar is also produced in Pakistan, Sudan, USA, South Africa, Brazil, Malawi, Zaire and Australia.
The main Guar exporting countries are India, Pakistan, USA, Italy, Morocco, Spain, France, Greece and Germany.
Major Guar importers are Canada, China, Chile, Australia, Brazil, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, United States of America, Ireland, Sweden, Greece, Portugal and Mexico.
Following are the local trading hubs for Guar in India:
Rajasthan (Ajmer, Alwar, Bharatpur, Bhilwara, Bikaner, Churu, Sri Ganganagar, Jaipur, Jaisalmer,Jhunjhunu, Jalore, Jodhpur, Nagaur, Nokha, Merta, Pali, Sawai Madhopur, Tonk, Sikar)
Guar is traded in the commodity futures market at Bikaner Commodity Exchange Ltd.