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The botanical name of jackfruit is artocarpus heterophyllus, belonging to Moraceae family. Jackfruit is delicious, and has a sweet and fruity aroma.
Jackfruit is an exotic fruit having a history of 3,000 to 6,000 years. It is believed to have originated in the southwestern rain forests of the Western Ghats in the Indian Subcontinent.
Jackfruit is packed with sources of vitamin, minerals, phytonutrients, carbohydrate, electrolytes, fiber, fat and protein and antioxidants that help fight wrinkles, promote hair growth, strengthen immune system, maintain blood pressure. Eating Jackfruit is said to be very good for preventing cancer.
Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh and it is known as Kathal in Bengali.
Ceylon jack, Konkan prolific, Hybrid jack, 5 PLR-1, Burliar-1, and PPI-1 are the main varieties of jackfruit in India.
September to December and June to August are the main jackfruit seasons. Monsoon season is the period of peak production.
International jackfruit varieties are black gold, cheena, dang rasimi, golden nugget and golden pillow.
Although India is the second largest Jackfruit producing country, it is estimated that 75 percent of the ripe fruit goes waste. Jackfruit is considered as a poor man's fruit, because it is mostly consumed in villages than in cities.
Several jackfruit industries operate in Sri Lanka and Vietnam. Flour, noodles, papad and ice creams are the main products processed from Jackfruit.
Sure, Jackfruit has several nutritional values; but over-eating the fruit would cause you digestive problems!
In India, Jackfruit is mainly grown in Assam, Tripura, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
Top Jackfruit producing countries are Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, China, Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia and Sri Lanka.
Major Jackfruit importing countries are United States of America, United Kingdom, Arab countries and Vietnam.
Colombia, India, Malaysia, Uganda, Jamaica, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Kenya are the major Jackfruit exporters.