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Litchi is a delicious and juicy fruit. It belongs to 'Sapindaceae' family and is scientifically known as 'Litchi chinensis'. Lychees originated in Northern Vietnam and Southern China, where they have been cultivated for over 2,000 years.
The inside of a litchi is of pinkish-white colour. The outside of the fruit is a hard, spiky shell. Its seed is brown in colour and very hard. Litchi is a renowned fruit for its flavor and pulp. It contains good amount of vitamin C, protein, calcium and phosphorous, vitamin B complex, magnesium, copper and iron.
Litchi also has anti-cancer properties. It normalizes blood pressure, helps in digestion and improves appetite. The fruit is quite low in calories, contains no cholesterol, helping you in weight loss. It is a source of calcium and magnesium that help in building powerful bones.
Litchi needs moist climatic conditions with good rainfall for cultivation. It cannot tolerate frost. Well drained deep loam soil is ideal for Litchi cultivation. Litchi harvesting in India is during the May-June season.
Bihar, West Bengal, Jharkand, Assam, Punjab, Chhatisgarh, Orissa, Tripura, Uttaranchal and Himachal Pradesh are the leading Litchi producing states in India.
Major Litchi producing countries are China, Taiwan, Thailand, India, Madagascar, South Africa, Mauritius and Australia.
Top Litchi exporting countries are India, Thailand and China.
Leading Litchi importing countries are Belgium, United Kingdom, Netherlands and Gulf countries.