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Mango, scientifically known as Mangifera Indica, belongs to the family Anacardiaceae. Mango is called the King of Fruits, thanks to its delicious taste, popularity and easy availability.
India introduced Mangoes the world more than 5000 years ago. India produces nearly half of all Mangoes produced in the world. Mango season in India is mainly from April to August.
Mangoes—both ripe and raw—are used for various purposes. While chutney, pickles, juices are made with raw fruits, desserts, squashes, jam etc are made from the ripe Mango fruits.
Fresh Mango fruits and pulps are the main export items from India. Alphonso and Dashehari or Dussehri varieties are the leading export quality Mangoes. Good rainfall and dry summer are most suited for mango cultivation. The Mango tree can be grown in both tropical and sub tropical climates.
Mangoes grow well in deep and well drained soils; they also need little bit acidic soil. The trees start producing fruits in about 2 to 3 years; 10 to 20 fruits are expected in the first harvest. The yield increases till the age of 40. Unripe mangoes are sour in taste.
To experience great taste, Mangoes should be eaten alone without any additives.
Mangoes have short shelf life about 2 to 3 weeks; and so it should be cooled and stored at a temperature of 12 degree Celsius. Kishan Bhog, Himsagar, Totapuri, Langra, Kesar, Dussehri, Chausa, Banganapalli and Alphonso are the main Mango varieties grown in India.
Top mango producing states in India are Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Bihar, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Orrisa, Kerala and Jharkhand.
India is the Mango production with 60 percent of the global output. Other Mango producing countries include China, Thailand, Pakistan, Mexico, Indonesia, Brazil, Bangladesh, Philippines and Nigeria.
United States, Netherlands, China, Germany, United Kingdom, France, Canada, Vietnam, Hong Kong and Spain are the major importing countries of Mango.
Top mango exporting countries are Mexico, Netherlands, Peru, Brazil, India, Thailand, Philippines, Spain, United States and Ivory Coast.