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Methi which is the Indian name for Fenugreek is scientifically known as Trigonella foenum-graecum and belongs to the family Fabaceae.
Methi plant is commercially cultivated for its seed, which is used in dishes in India. The Methi leaves are also used for cooking and medicinal purposes. The leaves are rich in proteins, minerals and Vitamin C. The seed is used to hide the taste of the medicine.
The Indian names for Fenugreek are Methi (Hindi), Uluva (Malayalam), Methya (Marathi), Menthya (Kannada), Vendayam (Tamil), Menthulu (Telugu).
Methi has various health benefits. It lowers blood cholesterol, reduces risk of heart disease, controls blood sugar level and helps in digestion.
Methi is grown as both rabi and kharif crop in India. As a rabi crop, it is sown during the initial half of October and as a kharif crop it is sown during second half of June to July end. Methi can be cultivated in wide range of soils having rich organic matters.
When the lower leaves start peeling off and the color of the pod turns yellow, it is the best time for harvesting.
Major Methi producing states in India are Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh.
Major Methi producing countries are Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Iran, Nepal, Bangladesh, Argentina, Egypt, France, Spain, Turkey and Morocco.
Major Methi exporting countries are India, Singapore, Australia, United States, Switzerland, Singapore and Morocco.
Major import destinations for Methi are Germany, Australia, Kuwait, Morocco, United States, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Yemen, Israel and South Africa.
Following are the trading hubs for Methi in India:
Madhya Pradesh (Ratlam)
Rajasthan (Ujjain, Chittorgarh, Kota)
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