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Moong is scientifically known as Vigna radiata belonging to the family Fabaceae. It is also known as Green Gram and Mung Bean.
Moong is believed to have originated in South East Asia. The pulse is used as a short duration legume crop in rotation with rice. Moong is similar to other pulses, having nitrogen fixing properties in the soil.
In India, Moong is grown as Kharif (July-August) and Summer crop (March-April).
Moong is rich in nutrient contents like manganese, potassium, magnesium, folate, copper, zinc and vitamin B.
The color of Moong is generally dark green, olivine or green black. Moong is also used in Ayurvedic medicines.
India produces about 1.5 to 2 million tons of Moong annually at an estimated 3 to 4 million hectares. Total Moong production in India accounts for about 10 to 12 percent of total the pulses production.
India is the largest Moong producing country, but the country resorts to imports to meet the rising domestic demand. Domestic demand for Moong in India is rising significantly.
India contributes about 70 percent of the world's total Moong production. Although Moong production is concentrated in Asian countries, other countries like Australia have started cultivating the pulse.
Major Moong producing states in India are Rajasthan, Maharashtra which contributes about 50 percent of India's total production. Other producing states are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Utter Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh.
Other leading Moong producing countries are Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia and China.
Major Moong exporting countries are Myanmar, China and Tanzania.
Local markets for Moong in India are:
Maharashtra (Latur, Parbhani, Mumbai, Kolhapur, Pune, Akola, Khamgaon and Jalgaon)
Rajasthan (Nagaur, Bhinmal, Sumerpur, Goluwala, Balotra, Jodhpur, Sri Karanpur, Barmer, Hanumangarh and Raisingh Nagar)
Karnataka (Bangalore, Bidar, Gulbarga, Bijapur and Mysore)
Andhra Pradesh (Peddapuram)
Telangana (Khammam, Warangal, Karimnagar and Suryapeta)
Moong Trading Markets:Andhra Pradesh(Peddapuram, ) Delhi(Delhi, ) Karnataka(Bangalore, Mysore(Bandipalya), Bidar, Gulbarga, Bijapur, ) Maharashtra(Kolhapur, Akola, Mumbai, Parbhani, AMPC, Jalgaon, Latur Bazar, Pune, Khamgaon, ) Rajasthan(Sri Ganganagar, Jaipur, Hanumangarh, Jodhpur, Nagaur, Barmer , Bhinmal, Sumerpur, Balotra, ) Telangana(Karimnagar, Khammam, Warangal, Suryapeta, )
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