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Peach scientifically known as Prunus persica belongs to the family Rosaceae. Peaches are summer fruits, native to China and South Asia.

Peach contains fibers, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and proteins. It is mainly grown as a fruit tree.

The size and colour of Peach changes as per the country of its origin; but mainly the fruit’s colour ranges from yellow to red.

The soil that is suitable for growing Peaches should well drained and moderately fertile; the plant should also get full sun.


Planting time for Peach is normally June to August, and harvesting is done in May through September. It takes the 3 to 5 months for the fruit for harvesting. Peach trees have a lifespan of about 12 years. Peach tree needs warm temperature during the fruiting season.

Leaf curl is the disease that is seen in peach tree. The disease does not directly impact the fruit but decreases its yield.

In India, Peach is mainly grown in the northeastern states, because of the sub tropical growing conditions of the fruit. Peaches are also grown in southern hill stations. Some peach varieties are grown in Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Main Peach producing states in India are northeastern states, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab.

China is the largest producer of peaches and the fruit is auspiciously revered as a Chinese symbol of longevity and immortality. Other top peach producers are Italy, United States of America, Greece, Spain, Turkey, Iran, Chile, Argentina and Egypt.

Spain, Italy, France and United States of America are the top Peach exporters.

Germany, France, Italy and United Kingdom are the major Peach importing nations.

Local markets for Peaches in India are:

Assam (Tinsukia)

Gujarat (Junagarh)

Haryana (Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Hissar, Jhajar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Mahendragarh-Narnaul, Mewat, Palwal, Panchkula, Panipat, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonipat, Yamuna Nagar)

Himachal Pradesh (Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kullu, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmore, Solan, Una)

Jammu and Kashmir (Badgam, Baramulla, Handwara, Handwara, Kathua, Pulwama, Srinagar, Udhampur, )

Madhya Pradesh (Harda, Morena)

Maharashtra (Kolhapur, Mumbai)

Meghalaya (East Khasi Hills, West Jaintia Hills) & Delhi

Punjab (Amritsar, Faridkot, Fatehgarh, Fazilka, Ferozpur, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Mansa, Moga, Muktsar, Nawanshahr, Pathankot, Patiala, Sangrur, Tarntaran)

Rajasthan (Ajmer, Ganganagar, Jodhpur, Kota) & Sikkim

Telangana (Hyderabad)

Uttar Pradesh (Agra, Bulandshahar, Hardoi, Rampur, Saharanpur)

Uttarakhand (Dehradoon, Haridwar, Nanital, UdhamSinghNagar)


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