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Rambutan, scientifically known as Nephelium lappaceum, is a tropical tree which belongs to the family Sapindaceae. Rambutan is believed to have originated in Malaysia.
Rambutan fruit has soft spines which looks like hair. It is an acid red, oval shape fruit. The fruit’s pulp has a pleasant sub acidic taste and is used for making jams and jellies. Rambutans are usually sold fresh.
Rambutan fruit has high health benefits and medicinal properties. It contains large amounts of proteins, carbohydrates, iron, fats, phosphorus, vitamin C and calcium. It has good fiber content and is low in calories. Rambutan has the cancer-preventing Gallic acid in it. The fruit helps strengthen bones and teeth, and is taken to relieve diarrhea and dysentery.
Tropical humid climate with good rain is suitable for cultivating Rambutan. For good growth, Rambutan needs good drainage and deep clay-loam soil.
Rambutan season in India is mainly from May to September. Indian farmers are looking to improve cultivation from March to December. In some areas, Rambutan tree are seen producing fruits twice an year.
Rambutan trees are limited in India. It was introduced to India by Singapore and Malaysian migrants. In India, Rambutan cultivation is limited to Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Thailand is the top producer of Rambutan in the world. India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Hawaii, South America, Tanzania, Australia, Zanzibar, Central America are the other major producers of Rambutan.
Singapore is the top importer of Rambutan. Other Rambutan importers are UAE, Korea and Netherlands.
The top exporters of Rambutan are Thailand, India and Vietnam.
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