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Peas, scientifically known as Pisum sativum, belongs to the family Fabaceae.
Field pea is said to be the first crop cultivated by man. The word pea is believed to have originated from the Latin word pisum, but some argue that the word originated from Sanskrit. Peas are used for human consumption as well as for animal feed.
There are three varieties of Peas: they are Garden Peas (sweet pea, inedible pod), Snow Peas (edible flat pod with small peas inside) and Snap Peas (edible pod with full size peas). They are easy to grow, but have a very limited growing season.
Cool weather is appropriate for Pea plants. Sowing of Peas is done in spring season and it is ready for harvest in about 60 to 70 days.
Yellow Peas or Dried peas, Pigeon pea Or Tur Dal and Chick pea or Chana are the common Varieties of Pea.
Yellow Peas or Dry Peas
Dry pea is an annual legume crop. The pea is obtained as seeds from the pod and then is dried in the sunlight to produce dry pea. Yellow Pea crop helps in nitrogen fixation of the soil, keeping the soil fertile.
Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh are the major pea producing states in India.
Canada, France, China, Russia, India, United States of America, Ukraine, Germany, Australia and United Kingdom are the major Yellow Pea producing countries.
Canada, France, United States of America, Australia, United Kingdom, Germany, Russia, Ukraine, Denmark and Tanzania are the major exporters of dry pea.
The major dry pea importing countries are India, Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Bangladesh, Italy, China, Pakistan, Cuba and United States of America.
Local markets for Yellow Peas in India are:
Maharashtra (Mumbai, Jalgaon, Latur, Akola)
Madhya Pradesh (Indore, Bhopal, Vidisha)
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