News You Can Use

 

  • The Urad story has taken a U-turn. Till a few weeks back, the prices were so high that the average Indian had to shell out a premium for Urad.

  • Now that the Kharif crop has started arriving in various mandis, it is the turn of farmers to feel the pinch. Prices have fallen even below the Minimum Support Price (MSP) announced by the government, forcing the industry to demand government procurement to support farmers.

  • Boosted by ample rains, sowing of Kharif crops this year has been completed in 96% of the seasonal area with record sowing of Pulses.

  • With an unprecedented rise in acreage under Pulses, sowing in the ongoing Kharif season has almost reached the average total normal area sown for the entire period (averaged over the last five years) with an indication that total sowing may surpass the normal area.

  • Kharif crops sowing, which usually begins after the onset of the Monsoon rains in early June, has crossed 101.9 million hectare so far, against 97.3 million hectares sown a year ago.

  • Sowing of Pulses have posted a record increase of 40.22 so far at 13.94 million hectares compared to 10.39 million hectares in the same period last year.

  • Higher sowing of Kharif Pulses like Urad (black gram) will help tame prices which shot up over the past year due to deficit rains impacting production in 2014 and 2015.

  • Sowing of Urad has rose by more than 27% to 3.37 million hectares compared with last year, while it is usually sown in 2.4 million hectares.

  • Prices of Burma origin Urad, both FAQ and SQ variety, dropped for the whole last week at the benchmark markets of Mumbai amid selling pressure. Prices have been weak due to fresh arrivals of new domestic crop in Indian states of Maharashtra and Karnataka.

  • Urad output in the state is also likely to increase this year as farmers have shifted to the pulse from Cotton and Sugarcane due to lucrative prices observed in past.

  • New crop arrivals are likely to rise from the first week of September. Also, farmers in Indian state of Madhya Pradesh have taken interest in Urad this season.

  • There are reports of some damages to the Urad crop due to floods in some parts of Madhya Pradesh, however, it would be merely around 5%-7%. If weather remains favorable for the entire season, Urad crop is likely to be 50-60% higher on year.

  • In a bid to control prices of Pulses, Indian government has decided to import 90,000 tonnes more Pulses, a move that would narrow down the gap between demand and supply. Government has decided to import 40,000 tonnes of Masur, 20,000 tonnes of Tur, 20,000 tonnes of Desi Chana and 10,000 tonnes of Urad for the buffer stock.

  • It has been observed that prices of Pulses have come down but have not reflected in retail market. At present, prices of Pulses are exceptionally high in the retail markets across the country. The price of each variety including the cheapest one, Chana dal has touched Rs.120 per kg. Kharif Pulses like Arhar, Moong and Urad crossed Rs.150 per kg.

  • Difference between retail and wholesale prices should not be more than 10-20% after accounting for logistics, but the gap is often more than 25%. The gap between wholesale and retail prices has increased over the years and this is one of the reasons why huge imports could not help in arresting prices.

 

India Kharif Urad Sowing Progress As On August 25

 

Following are the Urad acreage report state wise as on August 25. The weekly report compiled by Directorate of Pulses Development, Bhopal and released by Ministry of Agriculture, India. (Area in lakh hectare)

Note:Normal Area Is Average Of 2010-11 To 2014-15 | % Change Current Vs Normal Area